Masalah sosial dan penanganannya

Posted: September 25, 2011 in Uncategorized

Pendahuluan

Masalah sosial adalah suatu ketidaksesuaian antara unsur-unsur kebudayaan atau masyarakat, yang membahayakan kehidupan kelompok sosial. Jika terjadi bentrokan antara unsur-unsur yang ada dapat menimbulkan gangguan hubungan sosial. Masalah sosial muncul akibat terjadinya perbedaan yang mencolok antara nilai dalam masyarakat dengan realita yang ada. Yang dapat menjadi sumber masalah sosial yaitu seperti proses sosial dan bencana alam.

 

Latar Belakang Masalah

Masalah sosial berada pada posisi di mana masyarakat dalam mewujudkan sejahtera. Masalah sosial berkaitan dengan perilaku seseorang seperti tindak kriminal, prostitusi, kenakalan serta penyalahgunaan obat-obatan terlarang. Masalah sosial merupakan salah satu hambatan usaha untuk mewujudkan masyarakat yang sejahtera. Dalam makalah ini penulis akan menjelaskan tentang beberapa maslaah sosial yang secara umum terjadi pada masyarakat. Supaya pembaca dapat mengerti lebih jauh tentang masalah yang belakangan ini terjadi pada masyarakat secara umumnya.

 

Pembahasan Masalah

Penanganan masalah sosial yang di lakukan masyarakat dapat berupa tindakan kolektif untuk melakukan perubahan dalam bentuk tindakan reabilatif atau bahkan mengantisipasi agar kondisi yang tidak diharapkan tidak terjadi lagi. Tidakan antisiapatif tersebut dapat melalui usaha preventif maupun develpomantal. Tindakan penanganan masyarakat merupakan tindakan yang terstruktur dan melembaga yang merupakan bagian dari pola kehidupan sosial. Kondisi yang disebut sebagai masalah sosial merupakan bentuk realitas sosial yang dapat menimbulkan penderitaan.

Secara garis besar masalah sosial dibagi menjadi beberapa faktor, yakni antara lain:

1. Faktor Ekonomi : Kemiskinan, pengangguran, dll.
2. Faktor Budaya : Perceraian, kenakalan remaja, dll.
3. Faktor Biologis : Penyakit menular, keracunan makanan, dll.
4. Faktor Psikologis : Penyakit syaraf, aliran sesat, dll.

1. Faktor Ekonomi, faktor ini merupakan faktor terbesar terjadinya masalah sosial. Apalagi setelah terjadinya krisis global PHK mulai terjadi di mana-mana dan bisa memicu tindak kriminal karena orang sudah sulit mencari pekerjaan.

2. Faktor Budaya, Kenakalan remaja menjadi masalah sosial yang sampai saat ini sulit dihilangkan karena remaja sekarang suka mencoba hal-hal baru yang berdampak negatif seperti narkoba, padahal remaja adalah aset terbesar suatu bangsa merekalah yang meneruskan perjuangan yang telah dibangun sejak dahulu.

3. Faktor Biologis, Penyakit menular bisa menimbulkan masalah sosial bila penyakit tersebut sudah menyebar disuatu wilayah atau menjadi pandemik.

4. Faktor Psikologis, Aliran sesat sudah banyak terjadi di Indonesia dan meresahkan masyarakat walaupun sudah banyak yang ditangkap dan dibubarkan tapi aliran serupa masih banyak bermunculan di masyarakat sampai saat ini.

Dan berikut ini merupakan cara cara menangani masalah sosial yang terjadi pada masyarakat:

1. Mengembangkan Sistem Sosial Yang Responsif

Masyarakat dapat melakukan upaya perbaikan, penyebuhan dan penanganan masalah sosial secara mandiri melalui bekerjanya mekanisme dalam system sosialnya. Masalah sosial bisa diangga sebagai produk , jika masyarakat melihat produk tersebut tidak baik tidak sesuai dengan harapan maka sistem akan melakukan perbaikan mekanisme dalam system sosialnya sehingga dapat menghasilkan output yang baik. Dengan perencanaan masyarakat dapat melakukan upaya perbaikan,penyembuhan dan penanganan masalah sosial . Masalah sosial adalah suatu bentuk penyimpangan dari nilai dan norma sosial. Nilai dan norma sosial adalah hasil kesepakatan yang tumbuh dalam proses relasi sosial yang menjaga keberaturan dan ketertiban.

2. Pemanfaatan Modal Sosial

Setiap masyarakat pada dirinya memiliki modal sosial. Pemanfaatan modal sosial dalam masyarakat dapat dilihat dalam beberapa bentuk tindakan bersama untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup, pemberian jaminan sosial kepada warga masyarakat dan menimalisasi serta penyelesaian konflik sosial. Kewenangan masyarakat untuk melakukan upaya penanganan masalah social tidak akan efektif apabila masyarakat tidak punya kemampuan untuk melakukannya.
Pada umumnya masyarakat mampu menangani masalah soaial ini karena dalam masyarakat sendiri tersimpan modal social, seperti modal fisik dan financial dapat digunakan sebagai energi penggerak tindakan bersama termasuk
menangani masalah sosial. Keberadaan modal sosial terutama apabila dikelola dengan baik dapat digunakan untuk memelihara integrasi sosial dalam masyarakat, termasuk yang kondisinya sudah semakin kompleks dengan variasi kepentingan yang kompleks pula. Kesemuanya itu merupakan modal sosial yang dapat memberi pengaruh pada usaha meminimalisasi potensi konflik sosial.

3. Pemanfaatan Institusi Sosial:

a. Organisasi Masyarakat

b. Organisasi Swasta

c. Optimalisasi Kontribusi dalam Pelayanan Sosial

d. Kerjasama dan jaringan

UPAYA PENANGANAN MASALAH

  1. 1.    Preventif (pencegahan)
  2. 2.    Tindakkan Hukum

PENUTUP

Kesimpulan

Bahwa masalah sosial yang terjadi pada masyarakat memiliki bermacam-macam jenis dan akibatnya. Penanganan masalahnya pun berbeda beda sesuai dengan masalah yang terjadi.

Saran

                   Saran dari penulis, supaya kita semua berjuang keras untuk tidak membuat masalah baru yang merugikan masyarakat. Dan juga berusaha membantu pencegahan dan penanganan masalah masalah sosial masyarakat. Mudah mudahan dengan saya menulis ini dapat dijadikan referensi untuk membantu penyebarluasan informasi mengenai masalah sosial.

 

Daftar Pustaka

http://wartawarga.gunadarma.ac.id/2010/02/masalah-masalah-sosial-yg-terjadi-di-masyarakat/

http://wartawarga.gunadarma.ac.id/2010/03/tugas-makalah-sosiologi-dan-politik-tentang-masalah-sosial

Hello Future Girlfriend

Posted: May 13, 2011 in Uncategorized

Earlier I was taking mental inventory. On everyone, everything, all of the past events for the last few months and stuff. It made me think. Why do I want what I want? Do I want what I want? Should I take a step forward? or should I really be worried about if I need to be taking a step backwards?

I feel like I am just stuck in neutral. I know what I want to do and also what I should or could do. I’m not sure which I need to be doing though. Which one will be more beneficial. Will they be equally beneficial? or will neither path pay off? What are my motives? I would really like to answer these questions. However, I’m not sure that I can. This is a very interesting part of my life and I am eager to see how it will play out.

Until then, I think that in order to be able to answer these questions, I will need to regroup, reorganize, and re-prioritize. I have been a little bit irresponsible lately and I would really like to put more effort into important things, like putting things in priorities. I should slow down and think about everything. I should slow down and enjoy simple things. I should probably also slow down and think about what I say, what I do, and how I spend my time. From now on, I am going to try to make a conscious effort to focus more on what is important and less on what is not.

If you read all of that, then kudos to you.

i tell you how good it would feel,
if i close my eyes and see your so close to me
and everytime i need you you’re standing next to me

when the day is over
we went back to the life we used to live
im with HER and youre with HIM
so far away

was it so long time ago we used to laugh together
and i told you how i felt, im missing you so
today i’ll never regret, maybe you’ve noticed before
oh can we do it again tomorrow

i tell you how bad it would feel
when you’re gone im singing out the song we used to sing
and every breath i take, the line im remembering

GOOD TO KNOW, YOUR LIFE IS YOURS!!

It goes without saying that we love Plants vs. Zombies here at Ars Technica, especially the pocket-sized iPhone version of the game that was just released. If you haven’t played it, you can download the free demo here and even get 10 percent off if you decide to buy the full game. It’s a bizarre, funny, and addictive strategy title with a quirky art style, but the most surprising thing about it is that it was originally supposed to be an entirely different game.

What many gamers don’t realize is that Plants vs. Zombies started out as a sequel to Insaniquarium, a strategy game that involves growing an aquarium’s population while simultaneously protecting the fishes from an alien invasion. PopCap recently shared some original concept sketches for with us, and the evolution from sequel to fully original title is fascinating.

According to the game’s creator, George Fan, the development team wanted to create a game that was pretty different from Insaniquarium. “We knew we wanted to significantly change up the gameplay for the sequel,” he said, “and [we were] leaning toward it to being more defense-oriented than the first Insaniquarium. During that time I was also playing a lot of tower defense games in Warcraft III, and realized that they had this innate appeal that made me think of fond childhood memories like building forts out of sofa cushions and watching Swiss Family Robinson. I really wanted to capture that appeal, and once I realized that plants and zombies made a much better theme for this game than fish and aliens, I shifted from creating a sequel into creating a whole new game.”

In the top image, the alien featured is, “sort of a locust-alien,” that never made it into the game. Meanwhile, the above picture shows the direction things were headed towards before zombies ended up taking on a starring role in the game. “Here we have some evolutions of some of the aliens in Insaniquarium,” Fan explained. “You can see Psychosquid making a return, this time in a ‘tank on a tank.’ I had a couple of ideas for aliens that would burrow underground.”

According to Fan, the move from Insaniquarium 2 to Plants vs. Zombies largely took place with the below image. Up until this point, the game had been set to feature standard tower defense gameplay; it also switched the game’s antagonists, established the initial ideas for the peashooter unit, and also marked the first time that sunlight was considered as a resource.

“This sketch was an important one,” Fan said. “It marked the biggest gameplay change during development, which was the change from traditional tower defense paths to the 5-lane linear gameplay you see in the finished product. It also marked the transition of the game’s adversary from aliens to zombies, as evidenced by the multiple alien references and the zombie in the lower left. I believe it is also the first appearance of the all-important sunflower plant and the idea of sun as a resource. That seed-shooting tomato on the right eventually became the peashooter.”

If you have played Plants vs. Zombies, you know how many different types of plants there actually are in the game. As it turns out, a ton of ideas for plants were considered. Looking through some of the sketches, one has to wonder why some plants never made through the screening process… though others were nixed for obvious reasons.

Fan clearly agrees, on both fronts. Some sketches looked great, but he couldn’t figure out what such units would do against the undead hordes: “The peanut with the monocle probably would’ve taken us too far into infringement-land. I do like the carrot that’s rocking out, even though I’m not sure what game-purpose he would serve. It would’ve been nice to get jolly-moustache-potato-man into the game.”

Whether or not PopCap is still planning a sequel to Insaniquarium hasn’t been revealed, but it goes without saying that we’re glad Plants vs. Zombies became its own game in spite of its remarkably different origins. If we’re lucky, a sequel to either—or both—is in the works, and if we’re extremely fortunate, the end results will be just as unique and fun as their predecessors.

TUGAS IPS

Posted: February 24, 2011 in Uncategorized

KONSEP NEGARA KESATUAN SEBAGAI DASAR TUNTUTAN INDONESIA ATAS IRIAN BARAT

Sebelum kita mendeskripsikan perjuangan Bangsa Indonesia merebut kembali sejarah Pergerakan Nasional dan masa Persiapan Kemeredekaan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia sebagai dasar dari tuntutan atas wilayah Irian Barat.

Konsep Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (NKRI), dikemukakan dalam sebuah makalah oleh Suwardi Suryaningrat lebih dikenal sebagai Ki Hajar Dewantara, beliau adalah pendiri organisasi Perguruan Taman Siswa dan tokoh dari Organisasi Budi Utomo pada tahun 1918. Konsep Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia didasarkan pada kerukunann semua suku bangsa (etnis) di wilayah Hindia Belanda. Konsep ini mendapat sambutan dan dukungan dari semua suku bangsa di Indonesia. Dalam Kongres Pemuda II tahun 1928, wakil-wakil dari seluruh organisasi pemuda d Indonesia mengikrarkan Sumpah Pemuda, yaitu “satu nusa, satu bangsa, dan satu bahasa yaitu Indonesia.”

Dalam sidang BPUPKI tanggal 10-16 Juli tentang bentuk dan wilayah NKRI. Setelah melalui perdebatan dan musyawarah akhirnya ditetapkan bahwa bentuk negara adalah Republik dengan Kepala Negara dipilih oleh rakyat dan kekuasaannya dibatasi oleh undang-undang (konstitusi). Sedangkan mengenai wilayah ditetapkan yaitu, “Seluruh wilayah Kepulauan Indonesia yang semula menjadi wilayah kekuasaan Hindia Belanda.” Selain hal tersebut Irian Barat juga merupakan wilayah Kerajaan Majapahit yang waktu itu menguasai seluruh Kepulauan Nusantara bahkan sampai ke Semenanjung Malaka, Kamboja, dan Filipina Selatan. Setelah Kerajaan Majapahit runtuh di abad ke 15, Irian menjadi bagian wilayah kerajaan Tidore.

Setelah Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia, ada beberapa tindakan dari belanda yang dapat dijadikan pembenaran bahwa wilayah Irian Barat adalah bagian wilayah Indonesia. Pada bulan Maret 1946, pasukan Belanda didatangkan ke wilayah Indonesia untuk menawan pasukan Jepang yang telah kalah dalam PD II, dan menguasai kembali daerah jajahannya. Karena itu Belanda mendapat perlawanan dari pihak Indonesia yang berakhir setelah diadakannya Konferensi Meja Bundar pada tanggal 27 Desember 1949. Untuk memperlengah Negara Republik Indonesia, Belanda mendirikan negara-negara boneka di daerah yang telah direbutnya kembali. Waktu itu Irian barat dimasukka kedalam wilayah Negara Indonesia Timur yang didirikan beradasarkan Konferensi Denpasar pada Desember 1946. Dengan dimasukkan Irian Barat ke dalam wilyah NIT ini oleh Belanda maka makin jelaslah bahwa Irian Barat termasuk ke dalam wilayah bekas jajahan Hindia Belanda.

Begitu juga kemasa Pemerintahan Hindia Belanda, pembagian wilayah dalam administrasi Hindia Belanda, telah memasukkan wlayah Irian Barat ke dalam dua wilayah Karesidenan, yaitu:
• Resort Barat di kepalai oleh Asisten Residen yang berkedudukan di Fak-Fak, dan Resort Selatan di kepalai oleh Asisten Residen yang berkedudukan di Merauke termasuk dalam Karesidenan Maluku Tengah.
• Resort Utara, beserta daerah Kepulauan Raja Ampat dikepalai oleh Asisten Residen yang berkedudukan di Manokwari, termasuk Karesidenan Maluku Utara.
Maka dengan berbagai dasar di atas dan juga atas kehendak dari seluruh rakyat, maka Indonesia menuntut kepada Belanda untuk mengembalikan Irian Barat ke dalam Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia.

Ad Astra Per Aspera

Posted: February 14, 2011 in Uncategorized

THE STORY SO FAR: In the two years since it was formed (Mid 2007), Pee Wee Gaskins, a pop-punk group based in Jakarta, has rapidly leapt from the indie scene to the mainstream.

With a single full-length album under its belt, the band has been featured in numerous magazines, including Hai, Rolling Stone Indonesia and Trax, as well as appearing on TV shows like O Channel’s Demo and MTV Indonesia.

The band took its name from Donald ”Pee Wee” Gaskins, who gained notoriety in 1991 for being the first white man in more than half a century to be executed in the United States for killing a black man. In an attempt to stay out of the electric chair, Gaskins confessed to more than 100 murders, though he never revealed the locations of the bodies.

Pee Wee Gaskins began as a solo project for the vocalist, bassist and main songwriter, Dochi Sadega, while he was still playing guitar for metal band The Side Project.

”Two years ago I had an acoustic song called ‘Here Up on the Attic,’ which I had written for a friend, who eventually became my girlfriend,” Dochi said.

”She said, ‘Hey this sounds nice — why don’t you write more stuff?’ So I began looking for band members [after quitting The Side Project],” he said.

Dochi recruited guitarist Sansan first. The two had musician friends in common and had, for a brief time, been in the same band: Killing Me Inside, with Dochi on guitar and Sansan on vocals.

The first thing they did was pick a name.

”One day we were chatting on the Internet trying to come up with a band name, and Sansan mentioned wanting to name it ‘Serial Killer,’?” Dochi said.

”We wanted a scary name, but the music we were going to play wasn’t exactly scary, so when we Googled ‘serial killer’ and the name Pee Wee Gaskins came up, it felt like the perfect amalgamation of our pop tendencies and something that was inherently terrifying,” Dochi said.

The pair then recruited musicians Aldy ”Mustache” on drums, Ai on guitar and Omo on keyboard and synthesizers.

By late 2007, the newly formed band was performing at a lot of low or nonpaying events. Before long, it was headlining these shows, as well as performing as guest stars at high-school bazaars, where it built its fan base.

By 2008, Pee Wee Gaskins was thriving, with appearances on TV shows such as RCTI’s ”Dashyat” and SCTV’s ”Playlist.”

It was also featured on the soundtrack for the movie ”Married by Accident,” which starred Nikita Willy.

In April 2008, the band released its debut EP, ”Stories From Our High School Years,” through the independent record label Kurd Records. The 2,000 copies of the EP quickly sold out.

Dochi said: ”We used the Internet to promote it, and sold it hand-to-hand. We did the distribution ourselves. Total DIY!”

Between 2008 and 2009, Pee Wee Gaskins really took off. Fans, calling themselves Party Dorks, helped promote the band through the Internet and by dropping flyers. The Party Dorks were so spread out across Indonesia that there were local divisions such as Party Dorks Bali and Party Dorks Semarang.

But the band’s quick rise to the top was also met with disdain by other groups of music fans, who began calling themselves the Anti Pee Wee Gaskins, or APWG for short. Like the Party Dorks, the APWG community also grew quickly, with young people building Facebook communities where they could chat about how much they hated the band. There were also numerous subgroups, including APWG Makassar, APWG Surabaya and so on.

APWG has never officially stated its intentions, nor the reason for its hatred. Online discussions do little to illuminate the motivations of members. Juan, an APWG supporter, simply wrote on the APWG discussion board on Facebook that he ”hates the band” because they are ”homos, arrogant, ungrateful of their fans, copycats.” Well, they certainly haven’t met the boys yet, it’s far from all those craps.

At a show in Surabaya, a group of APWG members came to a Pee Gaskins show simply to collectively raise their middle finger throughout the band’s set.

So much negativity would bother most bands, but Dochi seems to take it all in stride. Facing the Surabaya audience of thousands, with hundreds of them flipping him the bird, he said from the stage, ”You guys are still young, don’t hesitate to voice your opinion about us. We have come to make friends and have fun.”

Early 2009, the band released its first full-length album, ”The Sophomore,” which was released through a larger independent label called Variant Records.

The album has reportedly sold more than 4,000 copies in two months. A fact that makes Dochi happy, but not quite content.

”If you are feeling satisfied, you are bound to rest on your laurels. Then again, never feeling satisfied makes us complainers. Simply put, we are always trying to push ourselves as far as we can.”

As the story goes, the band is now preparing for their 3rd release on its senior year, Ad Astra Per Aspera, ”to the stars with all we’ve got” in Latin.

WHY YOU SHOULD KNOW ‘EM: Pee Wee Gaskins consist of 5 lads arising from south jakarta’s scene with heartpumping teenage hormons ready to rock the stage and doing all they can to have fun. Pee Wee Gaskins is here to have a good time, come and join them.

YOU’LL LIKE IF YOU LIKE: New Found Glory / Motion City Soundtrack / The Get Up Kids

”we’re just five mildly attractive dudes who enjoy everything about being in a band” -Sansan, Pee Wee Gaskins

Words Of Day!

Posted: February 14, 2011 in Uncategorized

When work feels overwhelming, just remember that you’re going to die

Something To Write Home About

Mother, I know you know i’m having a good time
i’m sleeping so little but i’m living the good life
no need to worry got a place to lay my head down no need to worry i got a place to sleep

The Most Important In My Life

i will remember that i can do anything i set my mind to. i can achieve any goal, fulfill any desire, and reach any star. i will look toward tomorrow with the conviction that i can make it better. i will know that a brighter future is within my reach. as long as i have the strength to keep trying, the courage to keep striving, and the confidence to keep believing in myself.

i will remember to live life and enjoy it. i will remember to make my days happy, to fill my life with love, to slow down and appreciate every moment. i will remember what is most important in life.

and i will shape my world around it.

If This Is Not Right, Then This Is Wrong

if it’s not right, it’s wrong
next question is what’s the thing that making it wrong?
if this is the same home, how can i be so lost?
so many things i’ve done and some of it i did it wrong
and there’s the unforgettable
today like any other i’ll make sure
to remind my self to forget the unforgettables
and one of them was you

“So, what the hell are you thinking about? Gonna be sleepy? Yeah, like me. and you know, i don’t have a time to types alotta word”

BYE!!